Turmeric is also called 'Indian Saffron' because of its brilliant yellow color. India alone produces the whole crop of turmeric. It is a very common spice in India. Turmeric is part of almost all Indian curry powders. Turmeric root is very similar in appearance to gingerroot. Indian cuisine lays emphasis on Turmeric's therapeutic effect against gastric disorders. In India, turmeric has long been known for its cosmetic and wound healing properties. Eating Turmeric is an insurance against Alzheimer's.The essential oil: The oil is steam distilled from the rhizomes and it is bright yellow brown in colour. The odour is fresh, spicy-woody, oriental aroma. The chief constituents of the essential oil are turmerone (60%) and related compounds, and zingiberene (25%).